• Briefly about author

    The work of Milan Rúfus is one of the most expressive poetic phenomena in Slovak literature. His first published collection of poetry ( Boy being his real début) When We Have Matured
    The work of Milan Rúfus is one of the most expressive poetic phenomena in Slovak literature. His first published collection of poetry (Boy being his real début) When We Have Matured was a breakthrough in Slovak poetry, marking a departure from declarative poetry and schematism to innovation in both form and content. Rúfus introduced himself as a poet with an autonomous view of existential and moral values, of truth, beauty, suffering and tragedy of man and life in the second half of the 20th century. The philosophical potential of his work was underlined by clear stylisation, perfect form, and precise metaphors with rich subtext. He sang of the ambivalent character of the times, the world, of man and of the far reaching connections between events, behaviour, perception, and acquisition as well as of the ambivalent nature of man`s inner world.
    M. Martinček`s photographs of Rúfus`s home region Liptov as well as of the Tatra Mountains inspired the poet to create the collections People in the Mountains, Cradle and The Forest. The paintings of Ľ. Fulla inspired his collections A Cradle Sings to Children and Music of Shapes while the paintings of M. A. Bazovský gave him inspiration to write the collection A Search for an Image.
    His books for children represent a separate field. Rúfus creates a masterfully imagined world filled with love, purity of relationships, understanding and perception of things, phenomena and actions, justice and truth, moral values. His "little prayers" became very popular with Slovak readers, young and old, and they are often read even in church.
    The work of Milan Rúfus achieves a unique unity of life and poetry. Rúfus has created poetical transcendence because he tries to change the indifferent world to
    a world of humanity. In spite of tragedy there is joy hidden at the very bottom of his poetry; from the depths of a sad song, very often a ballad, there is a silent and pure chord of joy emerging on the surface.

     

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  • Briefly about production

    poetry: When We Have Matured (Až dozrieme 1956), Boy (Chlapec, 1966), Bells (Zvony, 1968), A Triptych (When We Have Matured, Boy, In No Man`s Land, 1966), People in the Mountains (Ľudia
    poetry:
    When We Have Matured (Až dozrieme 1956), Boy (Chlapec, 1966), Bells (Zvony, 1968), A Triptych (When We Have Matured, Boy, In No Man`s Land, 1966), People in the Mountains (Ľudia v horách, 1969), The Table of the Poor (Stôl chudobných, 1972), Cradle (Kolíska, 1972), A Search for an Image (Hľadanie obrazu, 1973), A Boy Paints
    a Rainbow
    (Chlapec maľuje dúhu 1974), A Cradle Sings to Children (Kolíska spieva deťom, 1974), Music of Shapes (Hudba tvarov, 1977), The Forest (Hora , 1978), Ode to Joy (Óda na radosť, 1982), Severe Bread (Prísny chlieb 1987), A Late Self-Portrait (Neskorý autoportrét, 1992), Reading from Fate (Čítanie z údelu, 1996), Psalms on the Innocent (Žalmy o nevinnej, 1997), Dragonfly (Vážka, 1998), Simple until the Little Roots of Her Hair (Jednoduchá až po korienky vlasov, 2000), Time for Timid Questions (Čas plachých otázok, 2001), Chicory (Čakanka, 2003), Fidelity (Vernosť, 2007), To Bear the Burden an Sing (Niesť bremeno a spievať, 2008, bilingual Slovak-English), Like the Footprints in the Snow (Ako stopy v snehu, 2009). The colletion of poems, Nenogista roze, published in 2011 in Latvian contains also selected poems by him. 

    poetry for children:
    A Book of Fairy Tales (Kniha rozprávok, 1975), Saturday Evenings (Sobotné večery, 1980), Merry Fairy Tale, Stay for a While (Rozprávočka veselá, zostaň ešte s nami, 1985), A Little Well (Studniaka, 1986), Silent Fern (Tiché papradie, 1990), Mechúrik Koščúrik and His Friends (Mechúrik Koščúrik s kamarátmi, 1991), Little Prayers (Modlitbičky, 1992), Petals from Apple Trees (Lupienky z jabloní, 1993), Little Zodiac (Zvieratníček, 1994), New Little Prayers (Nové modlitbičky, 1994), Album. Prayer for
    a Child
    (Pamätníček. Modlitba za dieťa, 1995), The Guardian Angel Prayer (Anjelíčku, môj strážničku, 2008)

    essays:
    Man, Time, and Work (Človek, čas a tvorba, 1968), Four Epistles to the People (Štyri epištoly k ľuďom, 1969), On Literature (O literatúre, 1974), Epistles Old and New (Epištoly staré a nové, 1996), Conversations with Myself and with You (Rozhovory so sebou a s tebou 1, 2, 1998, 1999)

    TRANSLATIONS BY THE AUTHOR
    S. Yesenin: Selection (1957), M. J. Lermontov: Masquerades (1958), H. Ibsen: Peer Gynt (1966), F. Hrubín: 2 x 7 Fairy Tales (1973), F. Hrubín: Poems (1977), J. K. Tyl:
    The Piper from Strakonice (1978), The Book of Psalms (1991), Crying of Yeremias (1997), S. Yesenin: Anna Snegina, Persian Motifs (1998)

    WORKS TRANSLATED
    Translations from Rúfus`s work have been published abroad in many anthologies.
    Selected Poems (1973 Hungarian, 1975, 2000 Russian, 1977, 1992 Italian, 1978, 1995, 2001 Polish, 1978 Czech, 1983 Belorussian, Georgian, 1987 Lithuanian, 1990 Serbian, 1991 Ukrainian, 1997 Spanish /Time of Farewells/, 1998 German /Severe Bread/, Bulgarian /Pages from Fate/, 2000 Russian, 2001 Macedonian /Everyday Dialogue/)
    A Poet`s Word (1981 Hungarian, selected essays)
    Sister Hope (1998, in 6 languages)

    Selectd Poems ,,Nenogista roze" (2011, Latvian)

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  • Biography for author

    Born 10 December 1928 in Závažná Poruba. Between 1948 and 1952, he studied Slovak and history at Comenius University in Bratislava. After graduation in 1952 he remained at the
    Born 10 December 1928 in Závažná Poruba. Between 1948 and 1952, he studied Slovak and history at Comenius University in Bratislava. After graduation in 1952 he remained at the university to lecture on 19th and 20th century Czech literature until his retirement. From 1971 to 1972 he taught Slovak language and literature at the University of Naples, Italy. Rúfus died on 11 January 2009 in Bratislava.

     

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  • Works and reviews of works

    Poetry

    • Až dozrieme (1956)
    • Chlapec (1966)
    • Zvony (1968)
    • Ľudia v horách (1969)
    • Triptych (Až dozrieme, Chlapec, V zemi nikoho (1969)
    • Kolíska (1972)
    • Stôl chudobných (1972)
    • Hľadanie obrazu (1973)
    • Chlapec maľuje dúhu (1974)
    • Kolíska spieva deťom (1974)
    • Hudba tvarov (1977)
    • Hora (1978)
    • Óda na radosť (1982)
    • Prísny chlieb (1987)
    • Neskorý autoportrét (1992)
    • Čítanie z údelu (1996)
    • Žalmy o nevinnej (1997)
    • Vážka (1998)
    • Jednoduchá až po korienky vlasov (2000)
    • Čas plachých otázok (2001)
    • Dielo I (2002)
    • Dielo I. (Milan Rúfus) (2002, 1.issue)
    • Čakanka (2003, 1.issue)
    • Dielo II (2003)
    • Dielo III (2004)
    • Dielo IV (2004)
    • Báseň a čas (2005, 1.issue)
    • Dielo VII (2005)
    • Dielo VIII (2006)
    • Murárska balada (2007, 1.issue)
    • Vernosť (2007, 1.issue)
    • Dielo IX (2008)
    • Ako stopy v snehu (2009, 1.issue)
    • Dielo XIV (2010)
    • A čo je krása? (2017, 1.issue)
    • Poézia v krojoch / Kroje v poézii (2018, 1.issue)

    Essay

    • Človek, čas a tvorba (1968)
    • Štyri epištoly k ľuďom (1969)
    • O literatúre (1974)
    • A čo je báseň (1978)
    • A slovo zadúchal duch (1992, 1992, spolu s Milanom Rúfusom)
    • Epištoly staré a nové (1996)
    • Rozhovory so sebou a s tebou (1998)

    For children and youth

    • Kniha rozprávok (1975)
    • Sobotné večery (1980)
    • Rozprávočka veselá, zostaň ešte s nami (1985)
    • Studnička (1986)
    • Modlitbičky (1990)
    • Tiché papradie (1990)
    • Mechúrik Koščúrik s kamarátmi (1991)
    • Lupienky z jabloní (1993)
    • Pamätníček (1994)
    • Modlitbičky za dieťa (1995)
    • Deťom (2002, 2.issue)
    • Anjeličku, môj strážničku (2008, 1.issue)
    • Deťom (Lupienky z jabloní, Kniha rozprávok) (2008, 3. spoločné vyd., Lupienky z jabloní 4. vyd, Kniha rozprávok 6.issue)
    • Koza rohatá a iné rozprávky (2018, 1.issue)

    Literary science

    • Dielo VI (2004, 1.issue)
    • Niesť bremeno a spievať / To Bear the Burden and Sing (2008, 1.issue)
    • Básne (2014, 1.issue)
  • Works published with support from SLOLIA

  • About author

    ON THE AUTHOR Rúfus created with his début When We Have Matured a milestone in contemporary Slovak poetry. It was a counter-weight to surrealistic games of dreams and most of all it
    ON THE AUTHOR Rúfus created with his début When We Have Matured a milestone in contemporary Slovak poetry. It was a counter-weight to surrealistic games of dreams and most of all it differed totally from the schematic-declarative "lyrics" of that "constructive" Stalinist period... Rúfus`s poetry has become a persistent corrective in the world`s crazy merry-go-round. It doesn`t adjust to it, but it resists, having found support in anthropological human constants.
    Štefan Drug

    Rúfus is a poet of unusual moral strength, never accepting the regime of the communist totality. In his poetry and essays, however, he reflected first of all the moral crisis of today`s man against the background of the crisis in today`s civilization. The heroism and uniqueness of his attitude is based on his search for
    a medicine against this disintegration and decay of mankind.

    Viliam Marčok

     

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  • Awards

    State Prize for Literature (1970) Golden Key International Prize (1990) Order of T. G. Masaryk (1991) Order of Ľ. Štúr of First Class (1993) Honorable Doctor of

    State Prize for Literature (1970)
    Golden Key International Prize (1990)
    Order of T. G. Masaryk (1991)
    Order of Ľ. Štúr of First Class (1993)
    Honorable Doctor of Literature (1998)
    Struga Festival Prize (2001)

    First Class Pribina Cross for extraordinary merit in the cultural enhancement of the country bestowed by the President of the Slovak Republic, Mr. Ivan Gašparovič

    Literary Fund Prize 2005 for the collection of poems Poem and Time (Cena Literárneho fondu za rok 2005 za básnickú zbierku Báseň a čas)

    Literary Fund Prize 2007 for the collection of poems Fidelity (Cena Literárneho fondu za rok 2007 za básnickú zbierku Vernosť)

    The Most Beautiful Book of 2008 - The Guardian Angel Prayer (Cena za najkrajšiu detskú knihu roka 2008 - Anjelíčku, môj strážničku)

    Crane Summit Poetry Prize, 2008

     

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