Slovakia and its Literature


  • Introduction

    Slovakia and its Literature is the first brief synthesis of the history of Slovak literature that has been ever published in English, focusing on literature since the period of Great Moravia...

  • Slovakia and the Slovaks

    Slovakia -- a country right in the centre of Europe -- has long escaped the attention of the European public, mainly because it was "hidden" in foreign state formations: for centuries in Hungary,...

  • Great Moravia as a Cultural Phenomenon

    Two monarchs from the Great Moravian period are worthy of mention: Svätopluk and Rastislav . The first extended the state's borders through military aggression, mainly against the Frankish...

  • The Middle Ages

    Hungary was a multiethnic and multilingual state throughout the whole of the middle ages. The cementing element was Latin, which entered administration and literature via churches, monasteries and...

  • Renaissance, Reformation, Humanism, Baroque

    The cultural and literary revival in Slovakia came as late as the renaissance and after its reformation. In 1301 the Hungarian Arpád dynasty died out and the Italian Robert d'Anjou became the...

  • Enlightenment and Classicism

    There is no doubt that Matej Bel and A. F. Kollár were already influenced by the enlightenment ideas which were gradually penetrating central Europe. However, enlightenment settled here somewhat...

  • Romanticism

    The national revival and accelerated cultural advancement formed the social bedrock of Slovak romanticism. The revolutionary situation created in the mid 19 th century in central Europe (or even...

  • Last Traces of Romanticism. The Matica Period

    The literary work of the Štúrite generation had two developmental focal points. The first was in the 40s, the second in the 60s. In between there was a period of "drought and silence" (Jaroslav...

  • Realism

    The magyarisation, which intensified after the Austro-Hungarian Ausgleich , drained much of the Slovak nationalists' strength. The privileged classes (gentry) very rarely professed Slovak origin....

  • Hlasism. Slovak Modern

    In 1882, Prague university was divided into Czech and German. The restoration of a Czech university meant an increased flow of Slovak students to Prague. The Slovaks the Hungarian government...

  • Slovak Literature between 1918 and 1948

    The establishment of the Czechoslovak Republic from the ruins of Austro-Hungary was generally felt to be national salvation at the twelfth hour. Slovaks, who in Hungary had only dreamed (in vain)...

  • Slovak Literature in the Totalitarian System

    After the "victory of the working class" in February 1948, a qualitatively different opinion of literature prevailed. Literature was to reinforce and initiate further revolutionary changes in...

  • Post-socialism and Postmodernism

    In November 1989 the socialist system in Czechoslovakia collapsed and democracy was restored. The ideological guardianship in culture ended. Authors shook off the self-censorship which had become...

  • Bibliography

    Jaroslav Vlček: Dejiny literatúry slovenskej. Martin 1923 Štefan Krčméry: Dejiny literatúry slovenskej. Bratislava 1976 Andrej Mráz: Dejiny slovenskej literatúry. Bratislava 1948...

  • ON THE LONG HISTORICAL ROAD

    A view of Slovak history by Ľubomír Lipták One of the four state holidays of the Slovak Republic is 5th July, the feast of Sts. Cyril and Methodius. They are honoured as the "Apostles of...